安徽成人高考高起点英语误用讲解:被动语态(1)

发布时间: 2019-01-28 14:19
  1、中文:他们结婚两年了。

  (误)They have married for two years.

  (正)They have been married for two years.(表示已婚状态的持续,要用完成时的被动式。)

  2、中文:他被所有学生嘲笑。

  (误)He was laughed by all the pupils.

  (正)He was laughed at by all the pupils.(不及物动词+介词=及物动词,变被动语态时介词不能省略。)

  3、中文:英语难学。

  (误)English is difficult to be learned.

  (正)English is difficult to learn.(英语难学=学英语难,也可说It's difficult to learn English.原句的主语实际上是不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式要用主动形式。)

  4、中文:汤姆问我这些岛屿是否属于美国。

  (误)Tom asked me if these islands are belonged to America.

  (正)Tom asked me if these islands belonged to America.

  5、中文:中国发生了很大变化。

  (误)Great changes have been taken place in China.

  (正)Great changes have taken place in China.

  6、中文:战争于一九三七年爆发。

  (误)The war was broken out in 1937.

  (正)The war broke out in 1937.(take place,break out,happen,belong to等不及物动词或短语动词没有被动语态形式。)