安徽成人高考高起点英语误用讲解:被动语态(2)

发布时间: 2019-01-28 14:20
  7、中文:我看不清黑板。也许你需要检查你的眼睛。

  (误)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to examine your eyes.

  (正)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to have your eyes examined.(表示使某物被别人…,通常使用have或get+物+过去分词表示。)

  8、中文:他命令马上开始工作。

  (误)He ordered the work to start at once.

  (正)He ordered the work to be started at once.(不定式作宾语补语时,若与宾语是被动关系,要用不定式的被动形式。)

  9、中文:他试图不介入政治。

  (误)He tried not to have mixed up in politics.

  (正)He tried not to get mixed up in politics.(get作系动词,可代替be,后接过去分词表示被动,have无此功能。)

  10、中文:据说他很富有。

  (误)They say him to have been rich.

  (正)He is said to have been rich.(say后不可接不定式,但它的被动语态后可接不定式。)

  11、中文:那人被认为是个傻子。

  (误)The man thought to be a fool.

  (正)The man was thought to be a fool.(主语是动作的承受者而不是发出者,用被动语态。)