安徽成人高考高起点英语误用讲解:虚拟语气(1)

发布时间: 2019-01-28 14:22
  1、中文:我要是你,我不会那么做。

  (误)I shouldn't do that if I was you.

  (正)I shouldn't do that if I were you.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气不能用was,只能用were。)

  2、中文:要是我父亲现在在这里,他会告诉我该做什么。

  (误)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.

  (正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的助动词只能用would,might等过去时。)

  3、中文:要是我知道她的电话号码,我就会给她打电话了。

  (误)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.

  (正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词要用过去完成时。)

  4、中文:要是昨天没下雨她也许会来。

  (误)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.

  (正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的动词要用助动词的过去时might,could等+have+过去分词。)

  5、中文:我不认为我会失败,但要是我失败了,我会再努力。

  (误)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.

  (正)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词用should加原形动词。)