安徽成人高考英语“不定式”错误使用讲解

发布时间: 2019-01-28 14:27
  1、中文:为了准时,我们加快了步伐。

  (误)So as to be in time we hurried.

  (正)In order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)

  2、中文:你说这些话真傻。

  (误)It's very foolish for you to say so.

  (正)It's very foolish of you to say so.(表示评价的形容词被带逻辑主语的不定式修饰时,介词要用of.)

  3、中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

  (误)Didn't you ask them to never do that?

  (正)Didn't you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)

  4、中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

  (误)Here is a new book for you to read it.

  (正)Here is a new book for you to read.(作形容词用法的带逻辑主语的不定式for you to read的宾语,实际上就是它所修饰的new book,其后不可再加宾语。)

  5、中文:他够年龄,可以上学了。

  (误)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

  (正)He is old enough to go to school.(形容词+enough+不定式表示足够…而可。)

  6、中文:他太好了,寄给我许多书。

  (误)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

  (正)He was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so…as to表示如此…以致。)

  7、中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

  (误)You had better not to go out in the rain.

  (正)You had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)

  8、中文:你喜欢听别人谈话吗?

  (误)Do you like listening to others to talk?

  (正)Do you like listening to others talk?(感官动词或使役动词的宾语补语用原形不定式。)